Common Employment Terms
Employment First Is
Typical Types of Day Services Through Regional Centers
Adult Developmental Centers (ADCs): Work on social skills, travel training, daily living skills, basic vocational skills. Can be in the Center, in the Community, or a combination of both. Participants receive no wages but may be exposed to volunteering.
Behavior Modification Programs (BMODs): Similar to the ADCs with an emphasis on behavior goals.
Work Activity Program (WAP) – Sometimes called Sheltered Workshops, or just Workshops. Work skills in a building with other individuals with disabilities. Typically, receive wage based on number of pieces they can complete which can range from less than a dollar a day to a few dollars a day.
Community Integrated Program (CIP): Consists of 1:1 or 1:3 ratio where participants meet in the community, work on social and vocational skills.
Supported Employment Group: These are mobile crews which can provide opportunities for integrated employment and work training in community work locations with ongoing supervision and support. Emphasis should be placed on supporting individuals in work activities of their choice, with the goal to reach their maximum level of independence. While performing paid work, individuals receive training in enhancing functioning in daily living, social, and communication skills and safety skills. Staff provides assistance in the development and implementation of each individual’s anticipated outcomes and actions that support those outcomes. Most Group sites operate five days per week and at least 6 hours per day. Sites vary based on the needs and agreements with the community business partners. If the consumer is 25 yrs old or above, he/she can participate in a sub-minimum wage group. If they are under 25, he/she must be determined non-CIE ready by the Department of Rehabilitation before he can participate in a sub-minimum wage group.
Supported Employment Individual: Minimum wage position in the community with a job coach support. Supported Employment services are typically funded through the Department of Rehabilitation (DOR) at the beginning and then will be handed off to regional centers after 90 or 120 days.
Other Common Terms
California’s Employment First Policy: Signed by Governor Jerry Brown on October 9, 2013, via AB 1041 (Chesbro). Sets the policy of the state that opportunities for integrated, competitive employment shall be given the highest priority for working age individuals with developmental disabilities, regardless of the severity of their disabilities.
Competitive Integrated Employment (CIE): is full or part-time work at minimum wage or higher, with wages and benefits similar to those without disabilities performing the same work, and fully integrated with co-workers without disabilities.
Department of Rehabilitation (DOR): A California state department which administers vocational rehabilitation services and provides support to independent living centers throughout the state. It provides vocational rehabilitation services, independent living services, and advocacy from over 113 locations throughout California seeking employment, independent living, and equality for individuals with disabilities. Serves
Job Coach: an individual who is employed to help people with disabilities learn, accommodate, and perform their work duties. A job coach may work with individuals one-on-one and/or in a small group.
Job Developer: an individual responsible for creating job opportunities for clients of his organization by researching, identifying and soliciting commitments from possible sources of employment.
Paid Internship Program (PIP): available to job seekers served by Inland Regional Center who want to work full- or part-time, become self-employed, start a small business or develop skills as an apprentice. The program pays up to $10,400 per intern and the intent of the program is to increase opportunities for Competitive Integrated Employment (CIE).
Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA): the nation’s principal workforce development legislation, providing funds to address the employment and training needs of dislocated workers, and low income adults and youth. The funding for WIOA comes from the US Department of Labor. WIOA provides support to participants, including those with disabilities, to increase their education, training, employment, earnings and job retention. The ultimate goal is to improve the quality of the workforce, reduce welfare dependency, and enhance the productivity and competitiveness of the nation.
Autism Society Options Policy
This Resource Guide was developed to provide families and professionals with an opportunity to find resources related to autism in the Inland Empire in one place.
All information provided or published by the Autism Society Inland Empire is for information purposes only. Specific treatment, therapy or services should be provided to an individual only at the direction of the individual’s doctor, caregiver, or other qualified professional. References to any treatment or therapy option, program, service, or treatment provider are not an endorsement by the Autism Society. References of treatments, therapies, programs, services, and/or providers are not intended to be comprehensive statements. You should investigate alternatives that may be more appropriate for a specific individual. The Autism Society assumes no responsibility for the use made of any information published or provided. The Autism Society Inland Empire provides information, but it does not constitute medical or legal information. Referrals provided are suggestions to organizations that might help, but do not constitute a recommendation. The Autism Society Inland Empire cannot be held responsible for consequences that arise from individual dealings with a professional or organization. The inclusion of any organization does not imply endorsement, and omission does not imply disapproval. The Autism Society Inland Empire may add or remove organizations from this list at its discretion.