AUTISM IN INDIVIDUALS WITH DOWN SYNDROME IS 30 % HIGHER THAN THE GENERAL POPULATION , ESPECIALLY AMONGST MALES WITH DOWN SYNDROME
Recent studies report that about 16-19 % of individuals with Down Syndrome also have Autism . Diagnosis of DS – ASD is more difficult to make in individuals with Down Syndrome , as ASD presents differently in individuals with Down Syndrome than it does in their peers with ASD alone .
A diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is based on symptoms in three domains : social impairments , communication impairments , and repetive behaviors . Diagnosis should only be carried out by experienced clinicians using standardized assessments and comprehensive evaluations .
Early diagnosis of ASD individuals with Down Syndrome and therapeutic intervention is key to supporting those with DS – ASD.
Therapies for individuals with the dual diagnosis of DS – ASD may include : behavioral / ABA therapy , extensive speech therapy , feeding therapy , occupational therapy , and vision therapy.