What is Neurodiversity?
Neurodiversity addresses the concept that humans are not neurologically ‘one size fits all’. This means that it recognizes everyone’s unique abilities and considers neurological differences, like autism and ADHD, to be the result of variations in the human genome. It is the idea to see a neurological difference as unique ways of thinking and experiencing the world.
Although neurodiversity primarily refers to autism, there are also conversations around neurodiversity and Tourette’s syndrome, ADHD, epilepsy, dyslexia, and bipolar disorder.
The term was coined by an Australian sociologist, Judy Singer, who had autism herself, in the 1990s. It was popularized by American journalist Howard Blume.
There can be controversy within the autism community around this term. The Autism Society Inland Empire believes that:
- ALL autistic people should receive more equal treatment.
- ALL people with autism have gifts and talents.
- Society should allow for autistic differences and create more equal opportunities.